Sociology Test 2


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Total questions: 20

Time limit: 30 minutes

Each question is worth 1 point, and there are no penalties for wrong answers.

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Time remaining: 30:00
1. Which term refers to a type of social order maintained by a collective consciousness of a culture?
  1. Organic Solidarity
  2. Mechanical Solidarity
  3. Collective Conscience
  4. Social Cohesion
2. Which sociological term describes a state of normlessness where society fails to effectively regulate the expectations or behaviors of its members?
  1. Alienation
  2. Anarchy
  3. Anomie
  4. Deviance
3. Who developed the concept of the ‘ideal type’ as a methodological tool in sociology?
  1. Max Weber
  2. Karl Marx
  3. Emile Durkheim
  4. Herbert Spencer
4. What term is used to describe the culturally and socially defined expectations for male and female behavior?
  1. Gender Identity
  2. Sexual Orientation
  3. Gender Roles
  4. Sex
5. Which term describes the process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a hierarchy that differentiates them as superior or inferior?
  1. Social Mobility
  2. Social Stratification
  3. Social Class
  4. Social Inequality
6. Who coined the term “cultural capital” to describe the assets individuals gain from their culture?
  1. Emile Durkheim
  2. Karl Marx
  3. Pierre Bourdieu
  4. Max Weber
7. What term describes a group of individuals or organizations that share similar social or economic status and lifestyle?
  1. Social Network
  2. Social Class
  3. Social Movement
  4. Social Institution
8. Which sociological perspective views society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability?
  1. Functionalism
  2. Symbolic Interactionism
  3. Conflict Theory
  4. Feminist Theory
9. What term describes the tendency of individuals to marry people with similar social characteristics?
  1. Homogeneity
  2. Homogamy
  3. Heterogamy
  4. Hypergamy
10. Who introduced the concept of ‘dramaturgy’ to explain social interaction as akin to actors on a stage?
  1. Karl Marx
  2. Max Weber
  3. Emile Durkheim
  4. Erving Goffman
11. What term refers to the process through which new members of a society learn its culture and norms?
  1. Socialization
  2. Enculturation
  3. Assimilation
  4. Acculturation
12. Who developed the theory of “rationalization” to describe the increasing dominance of rational calculation in social life?
  1. Max Weber
  2. Emile Durkheim
  3. George Ritzer
  4. Karl Marx
13. What is the term for the process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn to function as members of that society?
  1. Social Cohesion
  2. Social Control
  3. Socialization
  4. Social Stratification
14. Who coined the term “symbolic interactionism” and emphasized the importance of symbols and language in human interaction?
  1. Emile Durkheim
  2. Max Weber
  3. George Herbert Mead
  4. Herbert Blumer
15. What term describes the phenomenon where people are judged by others based on the group memberships they hold or the categories they fall into?
  1. Social Categorization
  2. Social Differentiation
  3. Social Stratification
  4. Social Hierarchy
16. Which sociological theory focuses on how individuals construct their identities and meanings through interaction?
  1. Structural Functionalism
  2. Symbolic Interactionism
  3. Conflict Theory
  4. Feminist Theory
17. What term refers to the process by which individuals and groups attempt to control the impressions others form of them?
  1. Self-Concept
  2. Impression Management
  3. Socialization
  4. Groupthink
18. Who introduced the concept of the “sociological imagination” to understand the intersection of personal troubles and public issues?
  1. C. Wright Mills
  2. Karl Marx
  3. Max Weber
  4. Emile Durkheim
19. What term describes the process of cultural change resulting from contact between two or more different cultures?
  1. Cultural Diffusion
  2. Cultural Relativism
  3. Cultural Appropriation
  4. Cultural Hegemony
20. Who is considered the founder of modern sociology and developed the positivist approach to study society?
  1. Auguste Comte
  2. Herbert Spencer
  3. Émile Durkheim
  4. Karl Marx

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